Scottish Fold cats differ from their counterparts both in appearance and in character. Cats of this breed have a calm phlegmatic disposition, are not prone to conflicts and are well trained in something, especially if they are interested. When buying a Scottish Fold cat, you need to be ready not only for regular care of the animal’s fur and claws, but also know in advance how and what to feed it. Scottish cats require constant grooming of their hair, ears, eyes and nails. The cat must be taught to these procedures from childhood so that it gets used to it and behaves obediently.
The Scottish Fold is considered one of the least problematic breeds. But, despite the fact that they are very clean, some nuances in caring for the Scots are still present.
Scottish Fold Cat Eye Care
Lop-eared Scots are not prone to profuse watery eyes, so eye care in a healthy cat does not cause any particular problems. If a sick animal has cloudy discharge, then only a veterinarian prescribes treatment. In this case, the pet needs daily eye treatment and cleaning of the fur around them.
Eye care for small Scottish Fold kittens will have to be organized almost daily. A fragile organism reacts sensitively to all changes in temperature, weather, light regime and instantly responds to them. Even bright light provokes discharge from the cat’s eyes.
Grooming and cleaning the ears of the Scottish Fold cat
The unusual structure of the auricle in the Scottish Fold cat requires special care for the hearing organs. At a young age, the pet’s cartilage is still weak and easily injured from careless movement. Therefore, the ears must be cleaned with extreme care.
For small kittens, the procedure is performed 1-2 times a week, and at a later age – once a month.
Scottish fold cats have their ears cleaned in several stages:
The folded part is gently lifted.
The auricle is treated with a hygienic product using a cotton swab or tampon.
A cleanser is instilled into the ear canal, which in liquid form safely penetrates into the depth and neutralizes impurities. For Scottish Fold cats, it is recommended to purchase drops in a pack with a long pipette. So it is more convenient to inject the product and less likely to damage weak cartilage.
Important! Ears are the most vulnerable organ in straight and fold Scottish cats. They accumulate dirt and sulfur emissions. It is because of unsatisfactory ear hygiene that many inflammatory processes in the body begin.
Care of hair and nails
If you teach a Scottish Fold cat to combing from kittenhood, then in the future it will be much easier to take care of its fur.
The owner of a long-haired highland, unlike the usual Scottish fold, will have to devote much more time to the luxurious fur coat of his pet. Without regular grooming, long hair gets tangled, blood-sucking parasites multiply on the skin, and the cat begins to have health problems.
Both adult Scottish Fold cats and small kittens need constant monitoring of their claws. The pet should also be taught to this operation from kittenhood. Even if the animal actively uses the scratching post, it still needs to be “introduced” to the tools for trimming the claws, so that the cat can easily endure the procedure in the future.
Important! There are many small blood vessels on the pads. It is necessary to very carefully trim the claws so as not to damage the skin and avoid bleeding in the cat.
Bathing a Scottish fold cat
Like any other cats, Fold Scots do not like water. But if you teach a kitten to swim from an early age, in the future it will not strongly resist the procedure.
In order to mitigate as much stress as possible when a cat comes into contact with water, you need to follow these rules:
-Trimming the claws will protect the wearer’s skin if the Scotsman resists bathing. In some cases, in addition, tight wristbands are put on the hands, which protect the wrists from deep scratches.
-A degreasing compound is applied to dry wool. These can be dry shampoos, gels, or other similar hygiene products for cats.
-Maintain the composition on the surface of the cat’s coat according to the manufacturer’s recommendations, and then wash it off with plenty of running water.
-Then the main shampoo is applied to the wet wool, rubbed all over the body until a thick foam is formed. The operation, depending on the degree of soiling, can be repeated several times.
-Rinse off shampoo and apply conditioner. It closes the hair follicles, refines the hair structure and gives it a silky texture.
-After bathing, wrap the cat in a towel and dry the coat well. At this time, the pet should be in a warm room without drafts.
Scottish Fold Cat Grooming & Toys
All accessories for keeping, feeding and caring for a Scottish Fold kitten at home are recommended to be purchased in advance in order to create the most comfortable conditions in advance for adapting the baby to a new place.
Carrying – this accessory will be needed to deliver the lop-eared cat from the breeder to the apartment, and in the future, all trips to the veterinarian or trips out of town will not do without it.
Plastic structures are very comfortable and durable, but they take up a lot of space and have only worked well for long journeys.
For city walks with a cat or trips to nature, carrying made of fabric is quite enough – it is compact, easily folds, but sometimes requires washing.
A bed and (or) a house, which can be made of different materials:
Wooden is the most durable option, but you will have to allocate a permanent place for it;
Wicker – an intermediate option, which is most often presented in the form of a couch and involves the use of an additional mattress;
Fabric with a soft filler (foam rubber or padding polyester) – it is convenient to move around the apartment, but such a product must be periodically washed and disinfected.
A scratching post is a very useful tool for cat paws. With it, the need for the procedure for shortening the claws decreases significantly. It is recommended to purchase a scratching post with a comfortable top shelf. Then the pet gets the opportunity to climb up the rack and observe everything that happens in the house from a height – cats love this very much.
A set of combs and brushes is also needed from the first week of a kitten’s life. Lop-eared cats are taught to maintain coat hygiene from an early age. Then the adult pet does not perceive this procedure as a punishment and will not be afraid of it.
Important! Toys cannot be called an obligatory item, but it is also unfair to ignore them. Balls, feathers, fishing rods and bows and soft mice are an integral part of the game equipment, which is necessary for the full development of the pet. The more a lop-eared cat moves, the better its skeleton is formed, the stronger the muscles and the more elastic the ligaments.
Feeding a Scottish Fold cat
The Scottish cat is unpretentious in the choice of products, but this does not mean that it needs to be given everything. For the correct organization of the pet feeding process, you will need not only high-quality products, but also convenient dishes.
Bowls for food and water
Bowls and drinkers for cats can be plastic, glass (ceramic) or metal. Each of these materials has its own advantages and disadvantages:
-Plastic dishes are the cheapest. But it quickly breaks down, since the material is prone to cracking, the scratched surface is difficult to clean from dirt, and particles of old food remain in the microcracks.
-Metal dishes are more expensive, but their consumer properties are much higher.
-Ceramics and glass are a middle ground between bad and expensive. Most often, it is these bowls that are used to organize the feeding of Fold Scottish kittens and adult cats.
The dishes should be wide, shallow and stable. Starting from 2 months, Scottish Fold cats eat on their own and get used to certain conditions. Most often, during this period of life, the kitten lives in the cattery near the mother cat, and all reflexes are formed there. Therefore, you should ask the breeder what bowls and drinkers he uses to pick up familiar dishes for the baby.
Important! Scottish cats are prone to urinary tract diseases such as idiopathic cystitis and ICD. Therefore, the owner must provide for free access of the animal to fresh water. You can equip a special fountain for your pet and put drinkers in different places.
Most often, it is natural products that begin to feed the Scottish Fold cat in kittenhood. This is fully justified due to the ability to control the quality of food. True, the flip side of the coin is the requirement to independently compose a balanced menu and take into account the energy value of products. Up to 2-3 months, kittens are in the cattery, where they learn to eat on their own and prepare for adulthood. It is best if this cycle is not disturbed and babies enter a new home at the age of 10-12 weeks.
Rules for feeding Scottish kittens at home:
-A 3-month-old fold kitten needs to be fed 6 times a day; the total weight of the daily diet is 150-180 g;
-At 4 months it is necessary to reduce the number of approaches to the bowl (by 1 less), and the total daily volume is increased to 250 g;
-By six months, Scottish Fold cats already eat no more than 4 times a day, then they are transferred to normal 2-3 meals a day.
For natural products, there is a universal method for calculating the daily weight of menu components – starting from 6 months it is 1/10 of the weight of a cat:
-Up to 95% comes from products containing animal protein – this is the main food of cats in the wild, and it also prevails in the diet of domestic animals (lean meat and offal).
-Milk is not absorbed in the body of an adult cat, therefore it is preferable to give the pet fermented milk products – sour cream, fermented baked milk, kefir, yogurt.
-Once a week, a chicken egg is called the ideal protein for building the body.
-River or sea fish (boiled) is introduced into the cat’s menu at the age of 5 months.
-Vegetables, fruits, and grains are mixed with meat for fiber, valuable coarse fiber and many other nutrients. But such foods cannot replace protein and be the main food in the diet of the Fold Scots.
Important! In order not to calculate the nutritional value of each portion, it is recommended to make preparations and keep a weekly record of products. The main thing is to maintain the general balance of nutrients that the cat receives.
Scottish cats over the age of 1 year are advisable to transfer to wet or dry industrial feed. It is easier and faster, and manufacturers take care of the proportions of useful components. On the package, they usually indicate the serving size according to the age and weight of the pet.
Canned cat foods are almost indistinguishable from natural foods in terms of nutrient content and moisture.
Important! When switching from natural food to dry food, you need to slightly soak the granules with water so that the cat’s stomach gradually gets used to the new food.
The combination of the two types of food is most often used for older cats. Usually, products of the same brand are used for this – they have a general system for assessing the balance of nutrients and there is no fear that there will be a “preponderance” in favor of one of the components.
Less commonly, it is a combination of natural and industrial feed. This is the most inappropriate option, since in this case it is impossible to correctly calculate the nutritional value of the diet.
Harmful foods for Scottish fold Cats:
-Onions and garlic – destroy red blood cells, therefore, in any form, are prohibited for cats;
-Tomatoes and potatoes contain an alkaloid that can cause severe stomach pain;
-Legumes are completely not absorbed in the cat’s body, cause bloating and fermentation;
-Mushrooms are toxic and often cause death;
-Sugar is not fully absorbed and provokes a number of diseases;
-Pasta is rich in fast carbohydrates and causes intestinal colic;
-Baked goods and dough – bloating and gastrointestinal disorders.
Important! Nuts, persimmons, citrus fruits, grapes and raisins, duck and goose, pork, raw fish – each of these products has contraindications for inclusion in the diet of the Scottish Fold cat. Therefore, it is better to completely abandon them and not risk the health of the pet.
It is believed that Scottish fold cats are loyal to all family members, get along well with other pets, are well trained and are in good health. All these signs are laid in kittenhood and in the future help to raise an obedient and clean pet. Owners only need to follow the recommendations of specialists for the care and feeding of the Scottish Fold cat and there will be no problems with the pet in the future.