The Persian cat: personality, traits, and history

Persian cat

The Persian cat is one of the most beautiful domestic breeds. This is a true aristocrat, which in an incredible way combines an incomparable appearance, intelligence and regal demeanor with amazing affection and sincere love for its master. Thanks to such a harmonious combination, the Persian cat is confidently ahead in the popularity rating of representatives of other breeds.

Brief information on the Persian cat

Breed name: Persian cat

Country of origin: Armenia, Iran, Turkey

Weight: 3.5 to 7 kg

Life span: 15-20 years


-The Persian cat is an exclusively domestic animal in the literal sense of this definition. Representatives of this breed have lost the ability to hunt; they cannot run fast and make high jumps. Your pet will not need walks on the street.

-Persians love to lie down for a long time. This lack of mobility is typical for all representatives of the breed and is not a sign of any physical ailment.

-Persian cats are very calm and do not need large spaces. They will never bother you with their activity and get underfoot. For the same reason, you will not have to get upset with torn curtains and damaged upholstery of upholstered furniture.

-Persians are very affectionate and do not like being alone. They will even prefer to sleep in bed with you and it is difficult to wean them from this.

-The kind, docile nature of the animal allows even the smallest children to be safely left alone with it.

-Persian cat owners note their high intelligence. They are well trained, carry out simple commands, and quickly get used to the tray.

-A Persian will rarely meow attention to its problems. In most cases, it will simply come to the owner and begin to stare at him/her, as if trying to mentally convey to you the essence of its request.

Persian cat

-Due to the balance of character, these “sofa” cats easily find a common language with other domestic animals and peacefully share their living space with them.

-The Persian cat will treat all household members peacefully and calmly, some alertness may appear only when a stranger appears, but this will not last long.

-The disposable appearance of the animal makes most people want to take the cat in their arms. If the cat resists, never insist on your own. Persian cats do not like violence and can harbor resentment for a long time.

-Persian cats are prone to excessive food consumption. They often beg in an effort to get a tidbit from the owner. If you do not accustom your pet to a certain diet and indulge its gastronomic desires, then health problems due to obesity will not keep you waiting.

Characteristics of the breed

Activity:   Minimum

Gentleness:   Below average

Molting:   Very high

Need for care:   Very high

Health:   Average

Sociability:   Low

Playfulness:   Not playful

Friendliness:   Below average

Intelligence:   Standard

Persian cat personality

Persian cat

The Persian cat has a surprisingly calm, friendly and balanced character. The psychological peculiarity of the Persians is that they are very afraid to upset the owner: after all, these are purely domestic cats, very attached to a person and inclined to give them joy and pleasure. Even if you accidentally offend a Persian cat, it will not “sulk” for a long time and will gladly accept all your apologies.

There is one caveat: at first, the Persians are afraid to sit in a person’s arms. Therefore, in no case should you hold them if they break out. The cat needs to get used to the person.

Representatives of this breed are inactive, even somewhat lazy. Persian cats hardly even meow; to attract attention, they simply sit down and gaze intently at the object. They like to lie in one place for a long time, so the questions “where is the cat now and what is it doing” will not bother you. But if you offer your pet to play with a ball or chase an artificial mouse, it will never refuse.

The Persian, unlike other breeds, cannot be called a cat that walks by itself. They are great couch potatoes who love their master and value comfort. They are not interested in walking outside, but lying on the windowsill and observing the world around them is a favorite pastime, therefore, if you live on high floors, consider precautions so that your pet does not reflexively jump after a bird flying by.

It is not difficult for a Persian cat to establish contact with dogs; house parrots and canaries in the Persian society are completely safe – even outside the cage. The heart of the Persians is open to everyone. True, they treat strangers with suspicion, but only at first, after a closer acquaintance, they will be as welcoming as with the rest.

Mother cats are very caring and take great care of their kittens, while they are absolutely not jealous of them and do not show any aggression towards others.

A Persian cat by nature is ideal for both a lonely person and a large family, where there are not only small children, but also pets of other species.

See also: Maintaining and Caring for a Persian cat

How to choose a kitten

The time has come to choose and purchase a kitten. It is best to resolve the issue of buying a thoroughbred Persian through specialized clubs. Experts will help you with the choice, and you are guaranteed to buy a healthy high-bred baby.

If there is no such club in your city, we recommend that you follow these tips:

-Take the animal only from the mother cat. So you can assess the appearance of the parent, see if it is healthy, in what conditions it is kept with its kittens. You can ask the owners if the kids are accustomed to the tray, what diet they are used to. Serious breeders must provide you with registration documents (metrics or pedigree) for both parents and kittens;

-You can pick up a crumb only after it reaches two months. At this age, it already knows how to feed on its own and will more easily endure separation from its mother. If you plan to use your Persian cat in the future for breeding and participating in exhibitions, wait until the kitten is three to four months old. At this age, it is already possible to more specifically assess its compliance with the breed standard;

-Inspect your chosen one. The eyes and ears must be clean, the tummy soft. The hair around the anus is clean and dry. There should be no scratching marks and bald spots on the baby’s body. Also make sure that there is no unpleasant smell from the mouth;

-It is better to purchase kittens of breeding or show classes together with an expert. They will professionally assess the condition of the animal for compliance with the standard, the absence of signs of genetic diseases. You cannot do without the help of a specialist when choosing a Persian kitten of a complex color;

-Of course, all kittens offered to you must be vaccinated and have documentary evidence of this.

History of the Persian cat breed

Persian cat

There are several versions of the origin of Persian cats.

According to one of them, the first long-haired animals were brought to Europe in the twenties of the 17th century by the Italian aristocrat Pietro della Valle from his travels in Turkey and Persia. In the city of Isfahan, he acquired several pairs of animals that were amazing and unusual for the then Europe and sent them to Italy. Unfortunately, nothing is known about the further fate of these animals. And who knows how the history of the Persians would have developed further if the French scientist Nicole-Claude Farby, who corresponded with della Valle, had not turned out to be a true lover of felines.

 Interested in the breed described by the Italian and never before seen in the Old World, he brought several Turkish Angora cats to France. Luxurious long-haired beauties conquered the hearts of the European aristocracy, including the all-powerful Cardinal Richelieu. With such patrons, the new breed has become one of the most elite.

Having an oriental cat has become not only fashionable, but also prestigious. Depending on where they were brought from, furry pets in those days were called Turkish, Asian, Russian, and even Chinese. Bearing in mind that the Persians began their spread across Europe from France, for some time they were called French cats.

A new stage in the development of the breed began at the end of the 19th century, when the Persians came to the United States. American breeders have put a lot of effort into changing the classic British version of the cat’s appearance, and they have succeeded a lot in this.

A new “extreme” type appeared, which was characterized by an unusual appearance of the animal’s muzzle: the shortest possible nose with a high stop, an overhanging forehead, pronounced folds from the corners of the eyes to the mouth, wide-set eyes. This unusual exterior attracted cat lovers, but it was also the cause of multiple health problems.

Only hard work made it possible to minimize the negative results of breeding experiments. Extreme Persians are very popular today, and many consider them to be the real representatives of the breed. This is not entirely fair. There are a lot of Persian cat lovers’ clubs in the world who prefer breeding of the classic type.